This museum takes its name from the ancient Egyptian (Nbu), meaning gold, in reference to the area's famous gold mines. It was built on an area of 50,000 square meters, 7000 of which are excluded to building, while the rest designed to be the yard of the museum. The work in this unique edifice lasted for 11 years and costed LE 60 million.
The museum consists of three floors for displaying Three thousands pieces of antiques, representing various ages; Geological, Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic. The open-door exhibition includes 90 rare monumental pieces, while the internal halls contain 50 invaluable pieces dating back to the pre-history times, 503 pieces belong to Pharaonic time, 52 of Coptic era, 103 of Islamic age, 140 of Nubian time, in addition to 360 pieces having the tang of Aswan